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The Eye in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Nagib Du Toit


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with a number of extra-articular organ manifestations. Eye involvement is a frequent finding in patients with RA. Ocular conditions which occur due to RA are keratoconjunctivitis sicca, episcleritis, scleritis, corneal pathology and retinal vasculitis. Optic nerve involvement in the form of neuritis or ischaemic neuropathy has been reported and tenosynovitis of the superior oblique muscle sheath (Brown syndrome) is also an occasional manifestation. It should also be borne in mind that the eye may also be affected by the treatment of RA with drugs such as chloroquine which can cause loss of vision as a result of maculopathy.

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Nagib Du Toit, University of Cape Town

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Ocular manifestations

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Continuing Medical Education 2011;29(8):330-331.

Article History

Date submitted: 2011-05-19
Date published: 2011-08-30

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